NetBSD

Fakecracker: NetBSD as a Function Based MicroVM

In November 2018 AWS published an Open Source tool called Firecracker, mostly a virtual machine monitor relying on KVM, a small sized Linux kernel, and a stripped down version of Qemu. What baffled me was the speed at which the virtual machine would fire up and run the service. The whole process is to be compared to a container, but safer, as it does not share the kernel nor any resource, it is a separate and dedicated virtual machine.

CPU temperature collectd report on NetBSD

pkgsrc’s collectd does not support the thermal plugin, so in order to publish thermal information I had to use the exec plugin: LoadPlugin exec # more plugins <Plugin exec> Exec "nobody:nogroup" "/home/imil/bin/temp.sh" </Plugin> And write this simple script that reads CPUs temperature from NetBSD’s envstat command: $ cat bin/temp.sh #!/bin/sh hostname=$(hostname) interval=10 while : do envstat|awk '/cpu[0-9]/ {printf "%s %s\n",$1,$3}'|while read c t do echo "PUTVAL ${hostname}/temperature/temperature-zone${c#cpu}interval=${interval}N:${t%%.*}" done sleep ${interval} done I then send those values to an influxdb server:

5 minutes collectd + facette setup

I recently added a fantastic graphing tool named facette to pkgsrc. Facette knows how to pull data sources from various backends, and among them, the famous collectd. In this article, we will see how to setup both on NetBSD but keep in mind it should also work for any platform supported by pkgsrc. First up, collectd installation. It can be done either with pkgin (binary installation) or pkgsrc (source installation):

Simpler postfix + dspam

I have read a shitload of overcomplicated setups to bring up a postfix / dspam SMTP + antispam server, and finally came to a much lighter and simpler configuration by basically reading documentation and real life examples. Note this is suitable for a personnal and basic environment, no database, no virtual setup. Basic stuff. The target system is NetBSD but this short doc should apply to pretty much any UNIX / Linux.

NetBSD/amd64 7.0 on kvm

If you recently tried to install NetBSD 7.0 using Linux KVM you might have encountered the following failure: This bug have been recently fixed on the 7-branch but the official ISO images are not yet updated, so you’ll have to use NetBSD daily builds mini-ISO which includes Christos fix to bus_dma.c For the record, here’s the virt-install command I use: sudo virt-install --virt-type kvm --name korriban --ram 4096 --disk path=/dev/vms/korriban,bus=virtio --vcpus 2 --network bridge:br0,model=virtio --graphics vnc --accelerate --noautoconsole --cdrom /home/imil/iso/boot.

nfs send error 65

Proceeding with my Christmas presents, I have refactored my ${HOME} lab. One of the goals was to migrate my public gateway to a diskless Soekris Net6501 my beloved wife offered me :) The overall PXE/NFS process is explained a billion times over the Internet, only particular point here is that I used dnsmasq instead of ISC DHCP. Nevertheless I came across an issue that took me way too long to understand; while the boot process seemed perfectly fine, at some point, after Setting up ttys, init hung and the kernel showed the following message:

Running snoopy on NetBSD

Snoopy is a pretty cool piece of software that can log every exec(3) call to syslog. When it comes to security, that feature can be really handy. Yesterday (Dec. 5), I commited security/snoopy to pkgsrc. The package comes with GNU/Linux related scripts in order to modify /etc/ld.so.preload so libsnoopy is loaded before libc and achieve its role. NetBSD doesn’t have a ld.so.preload file, instead, we use a flexible /etc/ld.so.conf configuration file which has the following syntax:

Enable iSCSI support in NetBSD domU

Dynamic module loading via modload has a couple of issues with a NetBSD domU kernel, so it is not possible to modload iscsi.kmod. In order to enable in-kernel iSCSI support, you’ll have to add the following lines to your kernel configuration and rebuild it: dmesg should show this line: You’ll then be able to start iscsid and manage your targets using iscsictl.

Install NetBSD (or any PV-capable system) on IBM's SoftLayer

At ${DAYWORK}, I happen to use IBM’s cloud: SoftLayer. It has all the features you’d expect from such a platform, and can instantiate pretty much any major GNU/Linux distribution you’d think of; but here’s the thing, we also use NetBSD for some infrastructure services, and as you’d guess, there’s no NetBSD support at all on SoftLayer. I had to reverse some bits of their provisioning system to understand how to achieve NetBSD installation, but most of all, automatic provisioning.

Mounting UFS2 read/write on Linux

I recently had the need to mount an UFS2 (NetBSD) partition under GNU/Linux, and while this is surprising, a standard Linux distro, Debian in my case, is not able to mount it in read/write mode. I came across this project https://github.com/DanielO/fuse-ufs2 which has basic UFS2 read/write support. It is not very stable, I made it crash a couple of times while using vim on the mounted partition, but it does support simple operations like cp, rm and such.