Boot an Existing ZFS From a FreeBSD LiveCD

Because I ran gpart bootcode on the wrong partition of every replacement disk I swapped and because my motherboard is incapable of finding an EFI partition, I basically bricked my FreeBSD NAS / gateway. It took me a ridiculous amount of time in order to find how to boot into an existing ZFS FreeBSD installation from a FreeBSD LiveCD (I used mini-memstick). Finally, in a 2014 thread from the FreeBSD questions mailing list, someone mentioned the magic invocation, and from there I deducted the remaining parts.

Executing A Smart Contract in geth

Since Binance Smart Chain and more specifically DeFi on BSC are a thing, I’ve been learning the amazing ways of Smart Contracts, and while many documentation exist on this topic, I didn’t find a clear one on how to “simply” execute a Smart Contract on geth, aka Go Ethereum, the most used Ethereum implementation and client. Geth can interact with the Ethereum blockchain using, well… Javascript, and more specifically an (old) implementation of web3.

Ledger Nano On KVM

In order to keep my cryptocurrencies as secure as possible, I only interact with those within a virtual machine located on an encrypted USB stick. I own both a Ledger Nano S and a Ledger Nano X, which connect using USB. Also I don’t use libvirt for this as I want it to be as easily and quickly usable as possible. So here’s the secret formula in order to access those hardware wallets from a GNU/Linux KVM VM via USB pass through:

Make Postfix Trigger Blacklistd on Failed Authentication

The other day, I realized that from time to time, alpine, my console mail client for about 20+ years now, would close the connection to the IMAP server because of an “error”. Digging in the logs, I realized my server was being bruteforced for months, if not years. NetBSD being the fantastic OS it is, it actually had nearly no effect on my server’s behaviour, only those annoying connections closing from time to time.

OpenSSL PBKDF2 Default Iterations

I’m digging into OpenSSL for quite a while to find a decent encryption method to double the security of some critical GnuPG already encrypted files. The one I came up with that seemed to satisfy my confidentiality requirements is as follows: aes () { openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -in $1 -out ${1}.aes -a -pbkdf2 } Now, a friend of mine, whose crypto is a field of expertise, told me that the CBC mode was unsecure because of possible attacks, and that I should use GCM.

Ffmpeg Quick Stream Command Line

Again from the stop-trying-to-use every-flag-available department. This makes me think about this Percona engineer who once told me and my team “people keep tuning MySQL with tons of configuration options when really 10 parameters define 90% of the performance”. For some reason, I was somewhere where I needed to stream my webcam quickly to a remote machine on my home network through a VPN in order to record the current place.
Svg Vector Icons : http://www.onlinewebfonts.com/icon

QEMU/KVM Shorter Command Line

I keep reading overcomplicated QEMU/KVM command lines, when really, to start a VirtIO disk and bridged VirtIO NIC virtual machine, only this command is needed: $ sudo qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -m 1024 -cpu host -daemonize \ -drive file=mydisk.img,if=virtio \ -net nic,model=virtio -net tap,ifname=tap0 drive type is virtio nic model is virtio and the interface is of tap type, this will summon /etc/qemu-ifup to attach the interface to your bridge.

Fakecracker: NetBSD as a Function Based MicroVM

In November 2018 AWS published an Open Source tool called Firecracker, mostly a virtual machine monitor relying on KVM, a small sized Linux kernel, and a stripped down version of Qemu. What baffled me was the speed at which the virtual machine would fire up and run the service. The whole process is to be compared to a container, but safer, as it does not share the kernel nor any resource, it is a separate and dedicated virtual machine.

Rofi Window Switcher With XFCE (updated, now with icons)

This bug forbids rofi window mode to give focus to a selected window when click to focus is disabled in XFCE. Using the same trick the first commenter used, I came up with this script which uses wmctrl to handle windows listing, selection and focus: #!/bin/sh clicktofocus="xfconf-query -c xfwm4 -p /general/click_to_focus -s " $clicktofocus true w=$(wmctrl -l|awk '{$1=$2=$3=""; sub(/^[ \t]+/, ""); print $0}' | \ rofi -dmenu -i -p "Window Switcher") wmctrl -a "$w" $clicktofocus false Not the prettiest method but it emulates rofi -show window pretty well.

Testing GPG Keys With Docker... and fail

As a password-store user, GPG is particularly important and sensitive, I use it for pretty much everything authentication / encryption related. Also, about a year ago I got myself a pair of Yubikeys, and they are now involved in all of the mentioned workflows. Now on the topic, as my keys are a crucial part of my online life, I wanted to make sure I had those backuped safely, and moreover, that this backup is usable in an empty environment by simply importing the public and private keys.